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Microbe-host interactions and microbial pathogenicity

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of microbe-host interactions and pathogenicity including pathogenic mechanisms, virulence factors, host invasion, immune evasion, host defence, immunity, immunology and symbiotic interactions.

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  1. The msaABCR operon regulates several staphylococcal phenotypes such as biofilm formation, capsule production, protease production, pigmentation, antibiotic resistance, and persister cells formation. The msaABCR o...

    Authors: Gyan S. Sahukhal, Michelle Tucci, Hamed Benghuzzi, Gerri Wilson and Mohamed O. Elasri

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:324

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Symbiotic interactions between insects and bacteria have been associated with a vast variety of physiological, ecological and evolutionary consequences for the host. A wide range of bacterial communities have ...

    Authors: Joseph Gichuhi, Fathiya Khamis, Johnnie Van den Berg, Samira Mohamed, Sunday Ekesi and Jeremy K. Herren

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:321

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Phylogenetically closely related strains of maternally inherited endosymbiotic bacteria are often found in phylogenetically divergent, and geographically distant insect host species. The interspecies transfer ...

    Authors: Anne Duplouy, Robin Pranter, Haydon Warren-Gash, Robert Tropek and Niklas Wahlberg

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:319

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The symbiotic bacteria associated with edible fungi are valuable microbial resources worthy of in-depth exploration. It is important to analyze the community structure and succession of symbiotic bacteria in m...

    Authors: Shujing Sun, Fan Li, Xin Xu, Yunchao Liu, Xuqiang Kong, Jianqiu Chen, Ting Liu and Liding Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:311

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The utilization of exogenous fatty acids by Gram-negative bacteria has been linked to many cellular processes, including fatty acid oxidation for metabolic gain, assimilation into membrane phospholipids, and c...

    Authors: Joshua L. Herndon, Rachel E. Peters, Rachel N. Hofer, Timothy B. Simmons, Steven J. Symes and David K. Giles

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:305

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The host-microbial commensalism can shape the innate immune responses in respiratory mucosa and nasal microbiome also modulates front-line immune mechanism in the nasal mucosa. Inhaled allergens encounter the ...

    Authors: Yung Jin Jeon, Chan Hee Gil, Jina Won, Ara Jo and Hyun Jik Kim

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:301

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Numerous studies have reported the health-promoting effects of exopolysaccharides (EPSs) in in vitro models; however, a functional evaluation of EPSs will provide additional knowledge of EPS-microbe interactio...

    Authors: Chenchen Ma, Hongyang Guo, Haibo Chang, Shi Huang, Shuaiming Jiang, Dongxue Huo, Jiachao Zhang and Xiaopeng Zhu

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:300

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The dried roots and rhizomes of medicinal licorices are widely used worldwide as a traditional medicinal herb, which are mainly attributed to a variety of bioactive compounds that can be extracted from licoric...

    Authors: Hanli Dang, Tao Zhang, Guifang Li, Yudi Mu, Xinhua Lv, Zhongke Wang and Li Zhuang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:291

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The human colon is colonised by a dense microbial community whose species composition and metabolism are linked to health and disease. The main energy sources for colonic bacteria are dietary polysaccharides a...

    Authors: Wing Sun Faith Chung, Alan W. Walker, Douwina Bosscher, Vicenta Garcia-Campayo, Josef Wagner, Julian Parkhill, Sylvia H. Duncan and Harry J. Flint

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:283

    Content type: Research article

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  10. This study evaluated the effect of oral lactobacilli on the cytotoxicity and cytokine release from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) when exposed to Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans subtypes in vitr...

    Authors: Nuntiya Pahumunto, Amina Basic, Anna-Karin Östberg, Rawee Teanpaisan and Gunnar Dahlen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:279

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Probiotic Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (EcN) has been widely studied for the treatment of intestinal inflammatory diseases and infectious diarrhea, but the mechanisms by which they communicate with the host are n...

    Authors: Rujiu Hu, Hua Lin, Jing Li, Yuezhen Zhao, Mimi Wang, Xiaoqin Sun, Yuna Min, Yupeng Gao and Mingming Yang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:268

    Content type: Research article

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  12. For successful colonization, enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) injects virulence factors, called effectors, into target cells through the type three secretion system (T3SS), which is composed of a needle...

    Authors: Risa Nada, Shinya Ebihara, Hilo Yen and Toru Tobe

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:261

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Clostridioides difficile is a major cause of antibiotic associated diarrhea. Several animal models are used to study C. difficile infection (CDI). The tree shrew has recently been developed as a model of primate ...

    Authors: Wenpeng Gu, Wenge Li, Wenguang Wang, Dexuan Kuang, Wenzhu Zhang, Caixia Lu, Na Li, Pinfen Tong, Yuanyuan Han, Xiaomei Sun, Jinxing Lu, Yuan Wu and Jiejie Dai

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:260

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Peptidorhamnomannan is a glycoconjugate that consists of a peptide chain substituted by O- and N-linked glycans, present on the cell surface of Lomentospora prolificans, a saprophytic fungus which is widely distr...

    Authors: Mariana Ingrid Dutra da Silva Xisto, Suelen S. Santos, Luana Rossato, Fábio Seiti Yamada Yoshikawa, Rosa Maria Tavares Haido, Sandro Rogério de Almeida and Eliana Barreto-Bergter

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:245

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Endophytic bacteria are considered as symbionts living within plants and are influenced by abiotic and biotic environments. Pathogen cause biotic stress, which may change physiology of plants and may affect th...

    Authors: Diandong Wang, Tingting Sun, Songyu Zhao, Limei Pan, Hongfang Liu and Xueliang Tian

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:244

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Yeasts, which are ubiquitous in agroecosystems, are known to degrade various xenobiotics. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of fungicides on the abundance of natural yeast communities colonizing ...

    Authors: Katarzyna Kucharska, Urszula Wachowska and Sylwester Czaplicki

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:242

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Antibiotic resistance is an increasing phenomenon in many bacterial pathogens including uropathogenic Escherichia coli. Hypothetical anti-virulent agents could be a solution, but first clear virulence associated ...

    Authors: Zahra Yazdanpour, Omid Tadjrobehkar and Motahareh Shahkhah

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:241

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The increase in bacterial resistance phenotype cases is a global health problem. New strategies must be explored by the scientific community in order to create new treatment alternatives. Animal venoms are a g...

    Authors: Rafael Schneider, Muriel Primon-Barros, Rafael Gomes Von Borowski, Sophie Chat, Sylvie Nonin-Lecomte, Reynald Gillet and Alexandre José Macedo

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:237

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Streptococcus mutans is a major cause of dental caries. Its capacity to produce biofilm is fundamental in the pathogenesis of this ubiquitous condition. As maintaining a healthy dentition is a genuine goal given ...

    Authors: Zehdi Eydou, Bader Naser Jad, Zeyad Elsayed, Anas Ismail, Michael Magaogao and Ashfaque Hossain

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:231

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) is one of the major foodborne zoonotic pathogens of worldwide importance which can induce activation of NLRC4 and NLRP3 inflammasomes during infection. Given that the inflammasomes pla...

    Authors: Yaxin Guo, Dan Gu, Tingting Huang, Liyan Cao, Xinyu Zhu, Yi Zhou, Kangru Wang, Xilong Kang, Chuang Meng, Xinan Jiao and Zhiming Pan

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:226

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Mosquito-borne diseases involving arboviruses represent expanding threats to sub-Saharan Africa imposing as considerable burden to human and veterinary public health. In Mozambique over one hundred species of ...

    Authors: Ana Paula Abílio, Manuel Silva, Ayubo Kampango, Inácio Narciso, Eduardo Samo Gudo, Luís Carlos Bernardo das Neves, Mohsin Sidat, José Manuel Fafetine, António Paulo Gouveia de Almeida and Ricardo Parreira

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:225

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Lactobacillus gasseri OLL2809 can highly induce interleukin (IL)-12 production in immune cells. Even though beneficial properties of this strain for both humans and animals have been reported, the mechanism by wh...

    Authors: Kazumasa Onishi, Junko Mochizuki, Asako Sato, Ayako Goto and Toshihiro Sashihara

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:217

    Content type: Research article

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  23. A rice associated bacterium Burkholderia gladioli strain NGJ1 demonstrates mycophagy, a phenomenon wherein bacteria feed on fungi. Previously, we have reported that NGJ1 utilizes type III secretion system (T3SS) ...

    Authors: Sunil Kumar Yadav, Joyati Das, Rahul Kumar and Gopaljee Jha

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:216

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Several plant-pathogenic bacteria are transmitted by insect vector species that often also act as hosts. In this interface, these bacteria encounter plant endophytic, insect endosymbiotic and other microbes. H...

    Authors: Jennifer L. Morrow, Namgay Om, George A. C. Beattie, Grant A. Chambers, Nerida J. Donovan, Lia W. Liefting, Markus Riegler and Paul Holford

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:215

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Triggered in response to external and internal ligands in cells and animals, redox homeostasis is transmitted via signal molecules involved in defense redox mechanisms through networks of cell proliferation, d...

    Authors: Ker-Kong Chen, Moeko Minakuchi, Kenly Wuputra, Chia-Chen Ku, Jia-Bin Pan, Kung-Kai Kuo, Ying-Chu Lin, Shigeo Saito, Chang-Shen Lin and Kazunari K. Yokoyama

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:214

    Content type: Review

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  26. Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is a serious complication of diabetes mellitus. Antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is frequently isolated from DFU infections. Bacteriophages (phages) represent an alternative or...

    Authors: Legesse Garedew Kifelew, Morgyn S. Warner, Sandra Morales, Lewis Vaughan, Richard Woodman, Robert Fitridge, James G. Mitchell and Peter Speck

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:204

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Microbiome of macroorganisms might directly or indirectly influence host development and homeostasis. Many studies focused on the diversity and distribution of prokaryotes within these assemblages, but the euk...

    Authors: Camille Clerissi, Laure Guillou, Jean-Michel Escoubas and Eve Toulza

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:193

    Content type: Methodology article

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  28. The bacterial community present in the abdomen in Anophelinae mosquitoes can influence mosquito susceptibility to Plasmodium infection. Little is known about the bacteria associated with Nyssorhynchus darlingi, a...

    Authors: Tatiane Marques Porangaba Oliveira, Sabri Saeed Sanabani and Maria Anice Mureb Sallum

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:180

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Crohn’s disease (CD) is characterized by chronic inflammation of the human intestine. Several studies have demonstrated that the intestinal mucosa of CD patients in Western countries is abnormally colonized by...

    Authors: Rafaella F. A. Costa, Maria L. A. Ferrari, Marie-Agnès Bringer, Arlette Darfeuille-Michaud, Flaviano S. Martins and Nicolas Barnich

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:178

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Dimorphism and biofilm formation are important virulence factors of some opportunistic human pathogenic yeasts. Such species commensally colonize skin or mucosal surfaces generally in yeast form, but under par...

    Authors: Bettina Szerencsés, Nóra Igaz, Ákos Tóbiás, Zsombor Prucsi, Andrea Rónavári, Péter Bélteky, Dániel Madarász, Csaba Papp, Ildikó Makra, Csaba Vágvölgyi, Zoltán Kónya, Ilona Pfeiffer and Mónika Kiricsi

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:176

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an emerging nosocomial pathogen that causes infection in immunocompromised patients. S. maltophilia isolates are genetically diverse, contain diverse virulence factors, and are var...

    Authors: Leah J. Radeke and Michael A. Herman

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:170

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Vertebrate glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is an evolutionary-conserved cortisol-regulated nuclear receptor that controls key metabolic and developmental pathways. Upon binding to cortisol, GR acts as an immunosu...

    Authors: Gloria Bartolo, Leandra O. Gonzalez, Saleem Alameh, C. Alexander Valencia and Mikhail Martchenko Shilman

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:161

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Interaction of C. albicans with oral bacteria is crucial for its persistence, but also plays a potential role in the infection process. In the oral cavity, it grows as part of dental plaque biofilms. Even though ...

    Authors: Radhika G. Bhardwaj, Arjuna Ellepolla, Hana Drobiova and Maribasappa Karched

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:156

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) is an important infectious disease pathogen that can survive and replicate in macrophages. Glycolysis is essential for immune responses against S. Typhimur...

    Authors: Chuan Yu, Fuyu Du, Chunjie Zhang, Yinju Li, Chengshui Liao, Lei He, Xiangchao Cheng and Xiaojie Zhang

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:151

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Fungi constitute an important yet frequently neglected component of the human microbiota with a possible role in health and disease. Fungi and bacteria colonise the infant gastrointestinal tract in parallel, y...

    Authors: Shirin Moossavi, Kelsey Fehr, Hooman Derakhshani, Hind Sbihi, Bianca Robertson, Lars Bode, Jeffrey Brook, Stuart E. Turvey, Theo J. Moraes, Allan B. Becker, Piushkumar J. Mandhane, Malcolm R. Sears, Ehsan Khafipour, Padmaja Subbarao and Meghan B. Azad

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:146

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In previous studies, we have shown that atypical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (aEPEC) strains are important diarrheal pathogens among Brazilian children. In the characterization of a collection of 126 aEPEC ...

    Authors: Scarlat S. Silva, Mariane V. Monfardini and Isabel C. A. Scaletsky

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:138

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Staphylococcus aureus is one of the main causative agents of mastitis in small ruminants. Antimicrobial use is the major treatment, but there are many flaws linked to resistance, tolerance or persistence. This st...

    Authors: Magna Coroa Lima, Mariana de Barros, Thalita Moreira Scatamburlo, Richard Costa Polveiro, Laís Karolyne de Castro, Samuel Henrique Sales Guimarães, Sanely Lourenço da Costa, Mateus Matiuzzi da Costa and Maria Aparecida Scatamburlo Moreira

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:127

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Changes in the enteric microbiota have been suggested to contribute to gastrointestinal diseases, including irritable bowel syndrome. Most of the published work is on bacterial dysbiosis with meager data on th...

    Authors: Mina Hojat Ansari, Mehregan Ebrahimi, Mohammad Reza Fattahi, Michael G. Gardner, Ali Reza Safarpour, Mohammad Ali Faghihi and Kamran Bagheri Lankarani

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:123

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) is a global opportunistic intracellular pathogen that can cause many infections, including meningitis and abortion in humans and animals; thus, L. monocytogenes poses a g...

    Authors: Gen Li, Guizhen Wang, Meng Li, Li Li, Hongtao Liu, Meiyang Sun and Zhongmei Wen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:112

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The ternary cropping system of Gastradia elata depends on a symbiotic relationship with the mycorrhizal fungi Armillaria mellea, which decays wood to assimilate nutrition for the growth of G. elata. The compositi...

    Authors: Qing-Song Yuan, Jiao Xu, Weike Jiang, Xiaohong Ou, Hui Wang, Lanping Guo, Chenghong Xiao, Yanhong Wang, Xiao Wang, Chuanzhi Kang and Tao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:108

    Content type: Research article

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  41. To investigate the effect of transabdominal hysterectomy on the diversity of the intestinal flora in patients with uterine fibroids. Patients with uterine fibroids were selected from September 2018 to December...

    Authors: Wantong Wang, Yibing Li, Qijun Wu, Xin Pan, Xinhui He and Xiaoxin Ma

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:98

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Neisseria meningitidis serogroups W and Y are the most common serogroups causing invasive meningococcal disease in Sweden. The majority of cases are caused by the serogroup W UK 2013 strain of clonal complex (cc)...

    Authors: Lorraine Eriksson, Bianca Stenmark, Ala-Eddine Deghmane, Sara Thulin Hedberg, Olof Säll, Hans Fredlund, Paula Mölling and Muhamed-Kheir Taha

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:92

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Bacterial blight of cotton (BBC), which is caused by the bacterium Xanthomonas citri pv. malvacearum (Xcm), is a destructive disease in cotton. Transcription activator-like effectors (TALEs), encoded by tal-genes...

    Authors: Fazal Haq, Shiwang Xie, Kunxuan Huang, Syed Mashab Ali Shah, Wenxiu Ma, Lulu Cai, Xiameng Xu, Zhengyin Xu, Sai Wang, Lifang Zou, Bo Zhu and Gongyou Chen

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:91

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Literature about the lung microbiota (LM) in dogs is sparse. Influence of breed and living conditions on the LM in healthy dogs is currently unknown, as well as the influence of chronic respiratory diseases su...

    Authors: Aline Fastrès, Elodie Roels, Emilie Vangrinsven, Bernard Taminiau, Hiba Jabri, Géraldine Bolen, Anne-Christine Merveille, Alexandru-Cosmin Tutunaru, Evelyne Moyse, Georges Daube and Cécile Clercx

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:84

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Oral microbiota is not only important for maintaining oral health but also plays a role in various oral diseases. However, studies regarding microbiome changes in oral lichen planus (OLP) are very limited. To ...

    Authors: Fei Yan Yu, Qian Qian Wang, Miao Li, Ya-Hsin Cheng, Yi-Shing Lisa Cheng, Yu Zhou, Xi Yang, Fang Zhang, Xuejun Ge, Bin Zhao and Xiu Yun Ren

    Citation: BMC Microbiology 2020 20:75

    Content type: Research article

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